Exodus 31 describes the appointment of Bezalel and Oholiab as craftsmen for the construction of the Tabernacle, as well as the observance of the Sabbath. Here’s a summary:
Bezalel and Oholiab: God tells Moses that He has filled Bezalel with the Spirit of God, giving him wisdom, understanding, and knowledge in all kinds of crafts, including goldsmithing, silversmithing, and woodworking. God also appoints Oholiab to assist Bezalel, filling him with skill and ability in all manner of workmanship, to help with the construction of the Tabernacle and its furnishings.
Observance of the Sabbath: God emphasizes the importance of observing the Sabbath as a sign of the covenant between Him and the Israelites. The people are to work for six days, but on the seventh day, they are to rest and dedicate it as a holy day to the Lord. Anyone who works on the Sabbath is to be put to death. The observance of the Sabbath is to be a perpetual covenant for the Israelites throughout their generations.
God concludes by giving Moses the two tablets of the Testimony, which are inscribed with the commandments written by the finger of God. This marks the end of God’s instructions to Moses on Mount Sinai.
Exodus 31 underscores the importance of skilled craftsmanship in the construction of the Tabernacle and its furnishings, as well as the significance of the Sabbath as a sacred day of rest and worship. It highlights the role of divine inspiration and the empowerment of individuals by the Spirit of God for the work of the Lord.